A story of true love and acceptance between sisters, Frozen JR. expands upon the emotional relationship and journey between Princesses Anna and Elsa. When faced with danger, the two discover their hidden potential and the powerful bond of sisterhood. With a cast of beloved characters and loaded with magic, adventure, and plenty of humor, Frozen JR. is sure to thaw even the coldest heart!
The Background portion of this Companion is divided into two sections, background on the Disney film and Broadway musical and background on the scientific aspects of phase changes and weather. Background on the Disney film and Broadway musical contains information on the real-life inspiration for Arendelle, the setting of the story, important life lessons from the story and the adaptation, such as family is important, be unapologetically you and love can change the world and an overview of the characters and plot. Background on the scientific aspects of phase changes and weather provides a brief overview of the science of the natural phenomena in the story as well as the science found within Princess Elsa’s powers.
The lessons in this Study Companion delve into connections found between Frozen, English languages arts, social studies and science. The first lesson, Frozen: Building a Story Backwards is about adaptation in reverse. Generally, adaptation involves the reworking of a story from start to finish. Ideas and concepts usually are changed along the way. As an example, one of the themes in Hans Christian Anderson's Snow Queen is a frozen heart, and the un-freezing of this heart. Frozen is an adaptation of Hans Christian Anderson's Snow Queen. Frozen uses this theme of unfreezing a heart as inspiration for a pivotal plot point in the retelling of Hans Christian Anderson's story; in both the original and the adaptation it is the power of love that is the antidote; love "un-freezes" a frozen heart.
When students are encouraged to create an adaptation of a story, they are often encouraged to follow this same pattern, reworking of a story from start to finish. This sometimes includes rewriting the ending of a story. Students are encouraged to make a new prediction for the ending based on the events, the raising action and peak of action in the original version of the story; they are encouraged to read the original, looking for predictive pieces of text, and then create a new ending. The new ending includes a new falling action leading to a new conclusion. What do they imagine could happen if the circumstances changed?
Sometimes, students are encouraged to make an adaptation in reverse. This is more challenging because the only predictive piece of text is an ending, a conclusion based on previous events. This predictive piece of text can be a final paragraph, however, sometimes, as with Third Story: The Flower Garden of the Woman Who Could Conjure the predictive piece of text is a single sentence.
In this lesson, students will read the title and the last line of Third Story: The Flower Garden of the Woman Who Could Conjure, a story within Hans Christian Anderson's Snow Queen. They will use this title and last line as an inspiration for their own story, working backwards. They will create an adaptation, a whole new story, using this title and last line; the last line of Hans Christian Anderson's story and the title will also be the last line and the title of their own. When their stories are complete, they will take turns reading them aloud to the class. When every student has had an opportunity to read their story, that class will read the original, beginning with Story the First, Which Describes a Looking-Glass and the Broken Fragments.
The setting for Disney’s Frozen, Arendelle and the locations around it, were inspired by actual locations: the Western fjords and the city of Bergen in Norway. In Disney’s Frozen in Norway students will learn about the real-life city of Bergen in Norway, Norwegian architecture and color their own version of a Norwegian stave church.
The inspiration for the fashions in Disney’s Frozen come from different aspects of Norwegian culture. The ideas for a design can come from many sources. This includes research, investigating shapes and patterns and recreating designs remembered from when a person travels to a place; these remembrances of shape and pattern can be a source of inspiration, informing a design along with the research of a region. In Frozen Fashions Part I: Norwegian Rosemaling students will learn about the Norwegian folk art of rosemaling and how this folk art was incorporated into both the costumes and scenery of Frozen.
Sometimes learning about cultural traditions and where these traditions come from can be challenging. The Netherlands and Norway have had close cultural ties since the times of the Vikings. Interconnected by trade and migration, these two cultures have often exchanged ideas and resources. These exchanges also include participating the painful past of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. In the early 1500’s The Netherlands overtook parts of the Ashanti Empire in what is now Ghana, West Africa. The Ashanti are also known as the Asante. This occupation of the Ashanti/Asante became known as the Dutch Gold Coast and lasted 372 years. Along with enslaved people, the Dutch brought aspects of Ashanti/ Asante culture including imagery, designs and decorations from Ghana back to the Netherlands and Norway. In 1872 the English bought the Dutch Gold Coast from The Netherlands.
Frozen Fashions Part II: The Norwegian Bunad And West African Adinkras traces a variety of inspirations for the costume designs in Disney’s Frozen. This includes tracing the trail of a symbol from Africa to Norway. Part of this trail investigates imagery from 1817 of African Adinkra symbols in the architecture of Ghana, West Africa. It explores the Ashanti Empire, the Dutch Gold Coast, an African symbol that became part of the new Norwegian Bunad (1900--1950) and costume designs from Disney's Frozen influenced by these cultures. Students will have an opportunity to create a timeline, develop an essay about what they have learned and complete a color sheet that includes the West African Adinkra symbol. This lesson is followed by an extension that gives students an opportunity to explore how Adinkra symbols from West Africa influenced designs locally in Louisiana architecture.
In COMAPRING ENVIRONMENTS: Fjord or Bayou students will learn about the importance of setting in a story and have opportunities to compare two settings: Norwegian environments and local Louisiana environments. To do this, they will review the elements of setting, read about the real-life fjords of Norway and the bayous of Louisiana, compare and contrast these two landforms and write about what they learn.
Cryokinesis is the ability to transform environment, to create transitions of matter, phase changes between solid, liquid, gas, sublimation and deposition using magic. Cryokinesis is an elemental super power. One of the main characters in Frozen, Princess Elsa, has the power of Cryokinesis; she can create frost, snow, ice, blizzards and ice storms.
Elsa’s powers over weather and water illustrate phase changes, including sublimation and deposition. When she is first learning how to use her powers she can create ice and snow by immediately freezing the water vapor in the air; gaseous water vapor becomes solid. This is an example of deposition. As she learns to control her powers, she learns how to transform snow and ice back into water vapor; solids become gaseous water vapor. This is an example of sublimation. In both cases, as she transforms the water vapor back and forth, the transformation skips the element's liquid phase.
Simply put, heat is energy. Thermodynamics is the branch of physical science that studies the effects of heat on matter, how heat affects matter. Phase changes are a way to illustrate thermodynamics. They are also a way to illustrate entropy. When things spread out, they have less order, they are less organized. This spreading, this disorganization of molecules is called entropy. Molecules become more organized as they cool off. Heat disperses, separates, disorganizes. Cold assembles, gathers, organizes.
In Frozen: States of Matter students will use images from Disney’s Frozen and Frozen 2 as models as they learn to describe the scientific phenomena of phase changes: solid, liquid, gas, sublimation and deposition. Students will also reflect on thermodynamics and how heat affects phase changes.
Let the Storm Rage On: Comparing and Creating New Endings investigates how setting can shape the characters and the plot of a story. Many cultures have created myths and stories to explain the elements and the natural phenomena of their region. Blizzards and ice storms are common occurrences in the region of Norway, the setting for the story of Frozen. The elements of ice and snow are pivotal to this story. Over time Princess Elsa learns to control these elements.
The ocean is also important to the plot. Elsa and Anna's parents are lost at sea. In the upcoming movie Frozen 2, the ocean is featured even more prominently. This sequel incorporates elements of Norse mythology including Norse water spirits. A nokk is a water spirit with the ability to shape shift. From the September 2019 trailer it looks as if the shape-shifting nokk, depicted as a horse made of water, can also move between salt water and fresh water: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bwzLiQZDw2I
Cultures all over the world that live near the sea have created stories about the ocean and the creatures that live in it. All cultures that live near water have myths about fish-people— mermaids and serpents. Mythology and imagery of water beings in these cultures goes back centuries. The settings of these cultures have influenced the stories they tell.
In Louisiana, flooding is becoming an ever-increasing threat. What if flood could be explained through story? How would the setting influence the story that was told?
What if Princess Elsa's powers were in part because people wanted a way to explain the natural phenomena of blizzards and ice storms? What if salt water intrusion, coastal erosion and flooding were the result of a mermaid, a mermaid calling for the sea? And, what if students had an opportunity to change the outcome of Elsa and Anna's story, create a new ending? AND what if the two stories, Frozen Princess Elsa and a Mermaid story, were connected by the elements, the stories of two different natural phenomena of two different regions (because, as we all know, snow hardly ever happens in New Orleans)?
Let the Storm Rage On: Comparing and Creating New Endings illustrates how setting can shape the characters and the plot of a story. To discover how setting can shape characters, students will compare the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g. natural phenomenon,) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories and myths from different cultures. The mythology of Frozen is intersected with a modern day tale about a mermaid, connecting myths and nature of Norway with local Louisiana environment and culture. Students will read two stories: an excerpt from the synopsis of Frozen and the story ANOTHER MERMAID’S TALE and write their own new ending for these stories. To do this, students will consider the following questions: What are the characters in the story? What challenge is each character facing? What is the setting of the story? How are the characters and the setting interrelated? How does setting shape the characters and the plot?
“Love is putting someone else's needs before yours.” – Olaf (Frozen)
“Some people are worth melting for. Just maybe not right this second!” - Olaf (Frozen)